Online gambling legislation is a wide-reaching and complex issue, with many countries taking a different approach to regulating the activity. Most nations attempt to balance the potential revenue generated from licensing and taxation of gambling activities, while also providing consumer protection and preventing crime. The United States has a patchwork approach, with individual states having their own laws regarding online gambling. In Europe, legislators have taken a more unified approach, with the European Union providing a broad regulatory framework that encompasses most countries in the region. With the prospects of more countries legalizing online gambling, this is an issue sure to remain at the forefront of public discussion.